History

The 1920s – 1950s | The 1960s | BGA Investigation No. 1 1970s | The Mirage | The 1980s – 1990s | The New Millennium | 2004 - 2009 | 2009 – 2018 | The BGA Today

For nearly 100 years, the Better Government Association has fought corruption, waste, secrecy and inequity by shining a spotlight on the workings of government in Illinois. 

The BGA was founded in 1923 by a small group of clergymen, lawyers and businessmen. The founders believed that “public officials under close scrutiny would serve the public better; that the best voter was an informed one and the best citizen was an involved one.”

In the mid–1950s, that scrutiny began to take the form of investigative reporting, leading to some of the most significant journalistic exposés published in Illinois.

Today, the BGA has grown to comprise nine investigative journalists. With growing expertise in data journalism, this team digs in deeply to access and analyze public records, revealing stories and connections that legacy media no longer have the time and resources to pursue.

Under the leadership of President and CEO David Greising, today the BGA also proudly claims an active policy team that advocates for more fair and efficient government through reforms. We fight for transparency by testifying and filing suit to protect and enforce open meetings laws and win access to public records.

Through civic engagement and community building, we also work to inform and engage citizens, equipping them with information, techniques and tools to demand government accountability. 

The 1920s-1950s: The BGA’s Beginnings

The BGA came to life in the Prohibition Era. Alcohol was illegal yet more than 5,000 taverns and speakeasies thrived. City aldermen, who won their votes through fraud and ballot-box stuffing, ran illegal gambling houses and brothels. Chicago Mayor William "Big Bill" Thompson — known as one of the worst mayors of any major city at any time in the country’s history — was openly in cahoots with the infamous Al Capone mob.

In May of 1923, a small group of clergymen, lawyers, editors and businessmen, under the guidance of E.J. Davis, director of the Anti-Saloon League, formed the Better Government Association to fight corruption by exposing wrongdoing while informing and engaging voters.

In 1957, new Executive Director George Mahin began to shift the role of the BGA, adopting a policy that emphasized investigative journalism. 

The 1960s: Operation Watchdog

In 1961, Mahin and Charles Percy, a board member, launched a new program called Operation Watchdog. This allowed any reporter in town who was investigating government waste or corruption to come to the BGA for help. These media partners benefitted from extra shoe-leather reporting from the BGA, while the reporter’s newspaper or television station would get the first crack at the story.

These inspired partnerships put unprecedented pressure on local and state politicians and public officials. It all started with Chicago Tribune reporter George Bliss.

BGA Investigation No. 1

In 1962, Chicago Tribune reporter George Bliss worked with BGA investigators to uncover massive corruption at the Metropolitan Sanitary District. The investigation was a huge success, forcing the firing of corrupt employees and the resignation of their political bosses. The investigations rocked Chicago's infamous political machine.

By 1969, the BGA had revealed massive vote-stealing, election fraud, ambulance shortages, nursing home abuses and numerous instances of tax-gobbling waste and fraud. After producing a number of award-winning stories as a media partner, George Bliss joined the BGA as an employee. He was the BGA’s chief investigator through Mahin's retirement, through Richard Friedman's brief tenure as executive director (1969 – 1971) and into J. Terrence Brunner's first years at the BGA. Bliss returned to the Tribune in 1972, as the head of a special investigative task force.

The 1970s: Awards and Angry Officials

By the time J. Terrence Brunner took over leadership of the BGA in 1971, the organization had earned a national reputation for its powerful investigations and had helped its media partners win two Pulitzer Prizes along with countless other journalism awards.

Soon after Brunner’s arrival, the BGA exposed election corruption in Mayor Richard J. Daley's political machine, winning the Chicago Tribune another Pulitzer and causing Mayor Daley to accuse the BGA of being "an arm of the Republican Party."

Under Brunner's guidance, the BGA again expanded its focus and raised its profile, partnering with local and national TV media. The BGA continued its work with the Chicago Tribune, Chicago Sun-Times and Daily News, but also began to work with national news magazines such as CBS’ 60 Minutes, and ABC News’ 20/20.

The Mirage Tavern Investigation

In 1977, the BGA partnered with CBS’ 60 Minutes and the Chicago Sun-Times on an unprecedented, elaborate undercover investigation running out of a tavern in Chicago’s Old Town neighborhood.

Using aliases, the BGA and the Sun-Times actually purchased a run-down tavern, and put cameras in the wall, named it The Mirage, and opened for business. The cameras recorded what became a parade of bribe-seeking inspectors and employees. The incendiary investigation caused a national sensation, a spate of firings and new reforms.

In 1979, the BGA opened offices in Washington, D.C., and Springfield, Ill., to expose corruption at state and national levels. Though the program was extremely successful — producing more than 20 hard-hitting investigations in just five years — it was too expensive to maintain. The D.C. office was closed in 1984.

In addition to expanding the organization's reach and profile, Brunner expanded the BGA’s capacity to push for reform. He developed a top-flight legal program and a nationally recognized investigative internship program, which has trained hundreds of future lawyers, journalists and civic activists.

The 1980s – 1990s

The BGA continued to make local and national news with deep, dogged investigations. BGA reporters exposed fraud in the Chicago Public Schools, which led to reforms of the whole school system, and uncovered lax security at O'Hare International Airport. BGA investigations into local police departments led to reforms that resulted in the formation of multi-jurisdictional task forces in Illinois.

As early as 1982, the BGA was investigating George Ryan, then-Speaker of the Illinois House, over the use of his influence to protect a nursing home facing state charges —and in doing so, regain business for Ryan’s Kankakee pharmacy.

Investigations continued into Ryan’s fundraising practices during his tenure as Secretary of State. He raised campaign cash from sources that he also regulated and pressured his employees to raise money for his campaign. Under Ryan, the office was also accused of taking bribes to grant licenses to unqualified truck drivers.

The New Millennium

In the new millennium, the BGA exposed a network of insiders who were obtaining concession contracts at O’Hare. The most notable recipient was Oscar D’Angelo, a disbarred attorney who worked as an unregistered lobbyist to broker the deals. D’Angelo was also a close friend to Mayor Richard M. Daley.

As a result of this investigation, the city revamped Chicago’s lobbyist ordinance to tighten its lobbyist registration requirements.

After nearly 30 years as executive director, Brunner retired in 2000, and former BGA General Counsel Terrance Norton took the helm. Under Norton's watch, the BGA expanded its ongoing investigations into George Ryan’s fundraising practices; released a comprehensive nursing home guide, and compiled the BGA Integrity Index, the nation’s first comprehensive analysis and ranking of government transparency and accountability laws across the 50 states. Published in the fall of 2002, the index received nationwide coverage and spurred states to improve their laws. In 2003, Sue Walker replaced Norton as executive director in an interim capacity. During a time in which many nonprofit organizations faced overwhelming fundraising challenges, Walker sustained the BGA’s mission and kept the doors open. In 2004, former BGA staff attorney Jay Stewart became the new executive director.

2004 – 2009: Following the Money

Shortly after Jay Stewart’s arrival, the BGA recruited new staff, hiring its first chief investigator in many years. Grants were secured from the Richard H. Driehaus Foundation and the Nathan Cummings Foundation and under the leadership of Dan Sprehe, the BGA’s landmark investigative program was revived. Valuable media partnerships were re-established.

In the spring of 2005, the BGA participated in a joint investigation with the Residents Journal, revealing Chicago Housing Authority (CHA) contractors had contributed more than $250,000 to the 17th Ward Democratic Organization, a political committee in the ward where CHA CEO Terry Peterson formerly served as alderman and committeeman.
While investigating the campaign contributions to the 17th Ward Democratic Organization, the BGA discovered numerous donations from what appeared to be 501(c)(3) tax-exempt organizations.

Upon further investigation, the BGA found that more than 400 political contributions from such organizations had been given in Illinois since 1999. Although there is no law preventing candidates and campaign committees from accepting these contributions, tax-exempt organizations (under IRS tax law) are prohibited from engaging in making campaign contributions to candidates or party campaign committees. As a result of the investigation, several campaign committees returned the contributions they received from tax-exempt groups.

In the areas of policy work, the BGA worked to ensure the City of Chicago’s Public Arts Program was run in a transparent and accountable fashion. The BGA and Scott Hodes, a Chicago attorney, a founding member of Lawyers for the Creative Arts and BGA board member, filed a lawsuit against the city, alleging a history of gross mismanagement in the distribution and recording of funds for Chicago’s capital projects. The suit was settled and the city agreed to comply with the Open Meetings Act, post more information regarding the Public Art Program online and improve its financial reports.

2009 – 2018

In June of 2009, the BGA welcomed a new executive director, Andy Shaw, a journalist with more than 35 years’ experience covering local, state and national politics, business, education and daily news.

He believed citizens of Illinois deserve to have their faith in government restored. For Shaw, it was unacceptable to shrug and utter the old canard, "you can't fight City Hall," and buy into legendary Chicago alderman Paddy Bauler’s boast, "Chicago ain’t ready for reform."

When he took the helm of the BGA, the organization was in crucial need of revitalization, down to a limited watchdog group with a staff of two. Shaw set out to aggressively rebuild the BGA.

The BGA underwent remarkable evolution and growth, focused on advancing transparency, accountability, efficiency, and honesty in state and local government. Shaw reorganized into five units: Investigations, Advocacy, Communications, Watchdog Training, and Reporting and Administration.

The BGA built strong publishing and reporting partnerships with partners such as WBEZ, Crain’s, ABC 7, CBS 2, Chicago Sun-Times, Chicago magazine, the Daily Herald, Illinois Times and the State-Journal Register. In 2017, the BGA partnered with the Associated Press on an investigation that appeared in The New York Times, Washington Post, and several other major newspapers across the country.;

During his tenure, Shaw also sought to build the advocacy arm of the BGA, so as not to just expose, but also propose better policies to serve the people of Illinois. The organization filed lawsuits to force compliance with Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) requests and lobbied lawmakers to follow good-government principles when it came to reforming legislative redistricting, public pensions, Tax Increment Financing (TIF) and privatization. The organization also entered into partnerships with local universities and like-minded civic groups to support reform initiatives.

The BGA Today

In March 2018, the BGA welcomed new President and CEO David Greising, a veteran award-winning business and investigative journalist.

In recent years this team has developed significant data journalism expertise which we’ve deployed to provide valuable accountability tools: The  Illinois Public Salaries Database and the Illinois Public Pensions Database allow transparency into Illinois pension systems and public salaries, so citizens can see where their tax dollars are going and understand the complexities of the fiscal future.

In 2020, a collaboration with Injustice Watch, The Chicago Reporter, DataMade and other advisers produced The Circuit, a data-driven collaboration to investigate and reveal how Cook County’s courts work. The team worked for more than a year in a massive effort to gather, organize, analyze and visualize more than 30 years of Circuit Court case records.

This data from more than 3 million cases illustrates trends in charges since 2000 and makes it possible to scrutinize systemic inequities and reveal biases in the fabric of the legal system that have been suspected for generations but never definitively proven. The collaboration aims to expose how different defendants charged with similar crimes are treated.

In 2020, the BGA bolstered a strong reporting team with the addition of David Jackson, a Pulitzer Prize-winning veteran investigative reporter, and Sidnee King, a multimedia journalist producing stories on government accountability with a focus on equity issues.

Recognizing that Black and Latino communities are too often affected most by failures of government, the BGA has strengthened its commitment to diversity, equity and inclusion, both within our workplace and in our work. Using our well-honed tools of accountability, we are focusing more on these underserved neighborhoods to understand and expose how they are harmed.

Olivia Obineme, our new manager of partnerships and local content, is working to forge new partnerships and increase coverage for these neighborhoods, giving greater voice to those in Chicago and throughout Illinois that are affected by income and wealth disparities.